History of the Beverley
The Blackburn Beverley was a heavy-lift transport aircraft which served with the Royal Air Force between 1956 and 1967. Only forty seven Beverleys were built, but they served with great distinction with 30, 34, 47, 53 and 84 Squadrons and 242 Operational Conversion Unit. The Beverleys were kept busy in many countries including Aden, Brunei, Kenya, East and West Malaysia and Zanzibar.
The Beverley was descended from the tank carrying heavy-lift General Aircraft GAL50 Hamilcar glider which saw service in World War Two. In response to an Air Ministry Specification for a heavy-lift short range transport aircraft,General Aircraft, the manufacturers of the Hamilcar, produced the GAL60 Universal Freighter, the Beverley's immediate predecessor. General Aircraft then merged with Blackburn before the GAL60 was complete. The GAL60 was built at Feltham, Middlesex, then dismantled and taken to Brough, East Yorkshire, reassembled and first flown on 20th June 1950, by which time it had become the Blackburn and General Aircraft Universal Freighter. I was told by a craftsman who worked at Brough at that time, that bets were taken on whether the aircraft would get off the ground.
The GAL60 was not an attractive or elegant aircraft. It had an enormous box-like body with a large tail boom. Each side of the tail plane had a large fin and rudder. Access to the freight bay was by rear opening doors and a hand pumped hydraulic ramp. Four radial Hercules engines mounted on a high wing powered the aircraft. The undercarriage was a fixed tricycle type.
A second aircraft, the Mk2, was built in 1950/51. This incorporated some changes, altering the shape to more or less what would become the Beverley. Clamshell doors replaced the ramp and door assembly. The clamshell doors were designed to be removable for supply dropping. The boom was modified into a passenger area which could hold 36 people. The engines were up-rated to Bristol Centaurus, each developing 2850Hp. The propellers had a then novel reverse pitch feature which made for a very short landing. Years later, as an Air Despatcher with the RASC/RCT (Royal Army Service Corps/Royal Corps of Transport), it used to amuse me watching people stare incredulously at a Beverley reversing under its own power.
The first order for 20 aircraft was placed for the RAF in late 1952, and the aircraft was renamed as the Beverley C Mk1. XB259 was the first off the production line.
47 Sqn was the first Beverley squadron, receiving its first two aircraft 1n March 1956. Sqdn Ldr St. John Price was the Beverley Project Officer, coming down from Brough to form the conversion flight withHarry Liddell and Jack McWicker as his sidekicks - Jack & Harry having previously been attached to the Handling Squadron at Boscombe Down for a brief conversion. Information from Harry Liddell.
For those who like coincidences, there were 47 Beverleys made, the first squadron to receive them was numbered 47, and 47 Squadron was raised in Beverley – the city which gave its name to the aircraft.
Before reaching squadron service, these ungainly aircraft had already shown what they could do. One had delivered very bulky drilling equipment to a rough desert airstrip in Oman, and another, mining equipment in Canada. Others were demonstrating the Beverley's usefulness for paratrooping and heavy airdrops.
- Length: 99Ft 5In.
- Wingspan: 162Ft.
- Height: 38Ft 9In.
- Weight: 82,100Lbs
- All up Weight: 135,000Lbs
- Take off Distance to 50Ft: 447Yds.
- Landing Distance from 50Ft: 330 Yds
- Payload: 44,000Lbs for 200 miles
- Maximum Speed: 238MPH
- Ceiling: 16,000Ft
The Beverley could carry 58 passengers in the Freight Bay and 36 in the Tail Boom. When configured to carry paratroops, 40 in the Freight Bay and 30 in the Tail Boom. When in the Casevac role, there could be 48 stretchers in the Freight Bay and 34 walking wounded in the Tail Boom.
An important part of the Beverley’s work was in the air-dropping of supplies. Typical loads were:-
- 16 x 1 Ton Containers for auto drop
- 8 x 1 Ton containers for manual ejection
- 4 x 8000 lb Boscombe Platforms (SSPs) general supplies
- 2 x Medium Stressed Platforms - Vehicles, Guns etc.
- 1 x Heavy Stressed Platform - Graders etc.
The capacious hold could carry a wide range of goods and equipment for air-landing:- Helicopters, Missiles, Small Aircraft, Fuel, Lorries and other vehicles of various kinds.
Main source: 'Blackburn Beverley' by Bill Overton. ISBN 0-904597-62-8